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Canal Space Online


Over the past decade, SPACE has welcomed thousands of local and national touring acts to our stage, including The Lumineers, Alabama Shakes, Graham Parker, Nick Lowe, David Lindley, The Weepies, Dr. John, Lucinda Williams and many more. The recording studio has served as a creative space for bands like The Strumbellas and The Lone Bellow to record, and offers musicians passing through a unique opportunity to rehearse and collaborate pre-show.




Canal Space Online


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The best Manhattan I've had! We enjoyed the Manhattan flight as well and loved experiencing local flavors. We had a waterfront view of the canal. Cute place and the staff was great. Highly recommended!


EAR CANALThe ear canal starts at the outer ear and ends at the ear drum. The canal is approximately an inch in length. The skin of the ear canal is very sensitive to pain and pressure. Under the skin the outer one third of the canal is cartilage and inner two thirds is bone.


MIDDLE EARThe space inside the ear drum is called the middle ear. Three of the smallest bones of the body are found in the middle ear; they are called the malleus, the incus and the stapes. These bones are also known as the hammer, anvil and the stirrup. The medical term for all three bones together is the middle ear ossicles.


During your root canal appointment, Dr. Berry administers a local anesthetic to numb your gums. He places a rubber dam around your tooth to keep the area dry. Then, he drills a tiny hole through your tooth to reach the pulp. He uses special instruments to clean out the pulp inside the chamber, then sterilizes the canal, and seals the space with filling material.


After your root canal, Dr. Berry gives you instructions and explains any precautions you need to take. Your tooth might be sensitive for a short time. If the pain is bothersome, you should be able to manage it with an over-the-counter pain reliever.


Our designers have been inspired both by our underground infrastructure and the Ballard community. The cylindrical shape mirrors the pump station and below-ground equipment space. The frame around the building echoes the industrial feel and scaffolding of Ballard's shipyards. Near the tower will be smaller buildings for equipment as well as parking for our amazing maintenance crews.


The design for the Wallingford site is complete. During design, our landscape architects reviewed the planting schemes for the North Transfer Station and the Carr Place Play Area. Their goal was to create a site that was unique to the neighborhood but still complemented the aesthetic of nearby open spaces.


The human nervous system is divided into the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS, in turn, is divided into the brain and the spinal cord, which lie in the cranial cavity of the skull and the vertebral canal, respectively. The CNS and the PNS, acting in concert, integrate sensory information and control motor and cognitive functions.


The caudal end of the myelencephalon develops into the spinal cord. The spinal cord is an elongated cylindrical structure lying within the vertebral canal, which includes the central canal and the surrounding gray matter. The gray matter is composed of neurons and their supporting cells and is enclosed by the white matter that is composed of a dense layer of ascending and descending nerve fibers. The spinal cord is an essential link between the peripheral nervous system and the brain; it conveys sensory information originating from different external and internal sites via 31 pairs of spinal nerves (Figure 1.5). These nerves make synaptic connections in the spinal cord or in the medulla oblongata and ascend to subcortical nuclei.


The space between the skull and the dura is known as the epidural space. The space between the dura and the arachnoid is known as the subdural space. The space between the arachnoid and the pia is known as the subarachnoid space. In this space, there is a clear liquid known as the CSF. The CSF serves to support the CNS, and to cushion as well as protect it from physical shock and trauma. The CSF is produced by the choroid plexus, which is composed of a specialized secretory ependymal layer located in the ventricular system.


The City of Canal Winchester accepts cash, money orders, credit cards and checks. Payments can be made by mail, in person at City Hall, in the 24 hour drop box located behind City Hall, or online. No payments will be accepted over the phone.


Online payments are only accepted for traffic citations. Payments for criminal citations or to a payment plan must be made by mail, in person, or through the drop box. Please note that there is a fee for online payments.


Pulp therapy or Baby root canal is just one fancy word for removal of a small part of the infected baby nerve to make a tooth healthy again. In order to save the tooth, bacteria are removed and the resulting space is filled with special medication. Tooth is then restored to its full function with a crown.


Pulp Canal Obliteration (PCO), also known as calcific metamorphosis, is a sequelae of dental trauma and usually affects the anterior teeth of young adults [5,6]. According to the American Association of Endodontists [7], calcific metamorphosis consists of pulp response to trauma characterized by rapid deposition of hard tissue within the root canal and pulp chamber space. However, the exact physiopathological mechanism of PCO is still unknown [8]. This condition is more frequently identified through tooth discoloration or incidentally in routine radiographs [9,10]. In most cases PCO is clinically recognized at least one year after the injury, in contrast with the three months for pulp necrosis [11]. Hence, this shows the importance of clinical and radiographic monitorization of traumatized teeth over time [12].


Usually, calcification of the pulp canal space develops towards the apex, first affecting the pulp chamber and then progressing to the root canal [8]. Therefore, radiographically, the obliteration of the pulp canal space can be classified as partial pulp canal obliteration (PPCO) or total pulp canal obliteration (TPCO) [5]. Despite that, a histological study demonstrated that even when the entire canal space of teeth with PCO seems to be radiographically obliterated, it is possible to detect a portion of the remaining pulp space [15]. Another histological study by Lundberg and Cvek [16] evaluated the pulp of 20 traumatized permanent incisors with reduced pulp space and no clinical or radiographic signs of pathology. No microorganisms were found, and a moderate inflammatory process was seen in only one tooth.


The incidence of PCO depends on the type of luxation injury and the stage of root development [8,17]. Andreasen et al. [11] concluded that the greater the damage to the pulp, the lower the chances of pulp surviving. After luxation injuries, PCO was found to be more common in immature teeth, while pulp necrosis was more prevalent in teeth with complete root formation [11]. Oginni et al. [3] found no statistically significant differences between the frequencies of partial or total pulp canal obliteration and the injury type.


Establishing a treatment plan for a tooth diagnosed with calcific metamorphosis is a difficult assignment [9]. The question arises as to whether an invasive approach should be implemented or a more conservative one, based on watchful waiting, if the tooth is asymptomatic. While some authors recommend endodontic treatment as soon as PCO is diagnosed radiographically [12,15], most of the literature supports that prophylactic endodontics, as a routine treatment approach, is not justified [13,14,18]. Instead, it is recommended that these teeth should be monitored clinically and radiographically, and that root canal treatment should only be initiated following the development of periapical disease or clinical symptoms [5,9]. These considerations are based on the relatively low incidence of pulp necrosis and the overall success rate of nonsurgical RCT in teeth with PCO, which has been shown to be around 80% [18].


Considering that up to 24% of traumatized teeth develop some degree of canal obliteration and the inherent potential resulting discoloration, it is crucial that clinicians are aware of treatment possibilities for these cases [5]. As PCO may lead to a decrease in translucency and a darker crown, these alterations can be a challenge in obtaining an aesthetic outcome in the anterior region [19].


Based on the data provided by the articles, and through the analysis of the initial periapical radiograph of each tooth, the two authors (C.C., A.V.) classified teeth as: partial pulp canal obliteration (PPCO) when the pulp chamber or root canal was not recognizable or reduced in size; total pulp canal obliteration (TPCO) when both the pulp chamber and root canal were not recognizable radiographically. For the 33 teeth with PCO, 18 had PPCO (54.5%) and 15 showed TPCO (45.5%). The reason for detection of PCO was variable: aesthetics (10 teeth); pain (10 teeth); periodic follow-ups after trauma (10 teeth); incidental finding during routine exams (3 teeth).


Consistent with previous reports [18,44], this study presents several cases that highlight the difficulty of performing RCT in teeth with pulp obliteration. The most mentioned problems relate to the need for significant removal of the tooth structure during conventional access opening [24,30,35] and to the difficulty in locating the root canal [38,41], which can be overcome with several safe and feasible clinical strategies, such as CBCT scans, magnification with microscopy and ultrasonic tips [10]. When conservative attempts to locate the canal are unsuccessful, two other treatment options have been advocated in the literature: RCT with guided access [45] and endodontic (root end) surgery [46,47]. 041b061a72


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